Smithsonian Arts and Industries Building, Washington DC

3.7
The Arts and Industries Building is the second oldest of the Smithsonian museums on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Initially named the National Museum, it was built to provide the Smithsonian with its first proper facility for public display of its growing collections. The building, designed by architects Adolf Cluss and Paul Schulze, opened in 1881, hosting an inaugural ball for President James A. Garfield. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1971. After being closed for renovation, the building opened in the spring of 2016 for events and exhibitions.DescriptionThe Arts and Industries Building was sited slightly farther back from the Mall than the Smithsonian Castle to avoid obscuring the view of the Castle from the Capitol. The building was designed to be symmetrical, composed of a Greek cross with a central rotunda. The exterior was constructed with geometric patterns of polychrome brick, and a sculpture entitled Columbia Protecting Science and Industry by sculptor Caspar Buberl was placed above the main entrance on the north side.The interior of the building was partially lit through the use of skylights and clerestory windows. An iron truss roof covers the building. In 1883, the exterior was adjusted to use a more vibrant maroon-colored brick.The building is composed of four pavilions, one at each corner, about 40ft square and three stories tall. These surround a central rotunda. Lower sections or "ranges" were placed outside the pavilions. Pervasive complaints of dampness and the poor health of the building's occupants led to the replacement of the wood floors in the 1890s. Balconies were added in 1896–1902 to increase space after a new Smithsonian Building failed to be authorized by the United States Congress. A tunnel was constructed in 1901 to the Smithsonian Institution Building next door.
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Smithsonian Arts and Industries Building Reviews
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4.4
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  • I noticed this huge, beautiful building while eating lunch at the Enid Haupt Garden (located around the Smithsonian Castle or Institution Building). It has a big male statue in front of it so I checke...  more »
  • A magnificent castle in the heart of downtown Washington that will take you into the past. Really gorgeous
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  • What a beautiful building! The gardens are gorgeous. Very peaceful atmosphere to hangout, walk around, have a coffee, sit down on a bench and read a book... You name it... The landscapes are very well design. It is definitely a must if you are planning to visit Washington D.C.
  • Amazing, very unique building inside and out. Lots of interesting tile work, stained glass, and iron railings which fill up the buildings many rooms. I visited during an exhibition, and had heard it was previously closed for a number of years. Unsure when it’s open, but if it is, I highly recommend it.
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