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Smeaton's Tower, Plymouth

4.5
Smeaton's Tower is the third and most notable Eddystone Lighthouse. It marked a major step forward in lighthouse design. In use from 1759 to 1877, it was largely dismantled and rebuilt on Plymouth Hoe in Plymouth, Devon, where it now stands as a memorial to its designer, John Smeaton, a celebrated civil engineer.ConstructionThe Royal Society recommended Smeaton for the task, and he modelled the lighthouse on an oak tree. He rediscovered the use of hydraulic lime, a form of concrete used in Roman times. The technique allowed concrete to set under water, as Smeaton put granite blocks together using dovetail joints and marble dowels. Construction started in 1756 at a site in Millbay, where Smeaton built a jetty and a workyard in the south-western corner of the harbour to unload and work on stones. Timber rails of 3 ft 6 in (107 cm) gauge were laid for four-wheeled flat trucks, which were used to move masonry around the site. A 10-ton ship named the Eddystone Boat was based here, and transported worked stones out to the reef. The ship carried the 2¼-ton foundation stone out in the morning of 12 June 1756.The work was completed in August 1759 at a cost of £40,000. Many Cornish tin miners were employed in its construction. To avoid the possibility of press ganging, a practice which was common at the time, Trinity House arranged with the Admiralty that the workers would be immune from the press. Each worker was issued a medal to confirm he was a worker at the lighthouse.
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Smeaton's Tower Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
568 reviews
Google
4.5
TripAdvisor
  • sat here most days while on holiday just watching the world go by lots of boats coming and going great place for the kids thay can run around and play  more »
  • Visit & learn the full history of this lighthouse, & its 2 predecessors, which once stood on the Eddystone Rocks - now occupied by Douglas lighthouse.  more »
Google
  • Cute place to have lunch on a nice day. Iconic for Plymouth. Sometimes events happen here which are very fun. Cool during freshers fair.
  • Beautiful example of postcard Britain which is also brimming with historical facts. Majorly pretty with a bucket load of things to see and do especially in the summer months. A wonderful family break 💯✔❤
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