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Trip Planner Europe  /  UK  /  England  /  Northumberland  /  Newbiggin-by-the-Sea


History Museums · Monuments · Churches
Newbiggin-by-the-Sea is a small town in Northumberland, England, lying on the North Sea coast. Once an important port for shipping grain and a coal mining town, it is still a small fishing port making use of traditional coble boats.HistoryIt is widely although mistakenly noted that the town was originally called 'South Wallerick', and renamed Newbiggin after the Danish invasion. However the document on which this is based refers to 'Sanctum Walericium', or St. Waleric. This was the name of the church at Alnmouth, which was at one time called Newbiggin. There is no connection with Newbiggin-by-the-Sea. Newbiggin derives from OE nīwe (new) + ME bigging (building, house), and this may refer to an extension of the early settlement and parish of Woodhorn.Early historyThe church was for centuries from its early construction a chapel only, with a tower surmounted by a spire which was originally used as a beacon. In the 14th century, Newbiggin was a very important maritime centre, called upon to support Edward III in his campaigns against the Scots. During part of the Middle Ages, Newbiggin was a major port for the shipping of grain – it is said that it was third such port only in importance after London and Hull. Therefore, the old town in the 43rd year of Henry III's reign was granted a charter for a weekly market on Monday and an annual fair. Mention occurs of its pier and shipping in various old documents; and in 1337, as a borough of note, it sent bailiffs to a council on matters of state, convened by the Bishop of Lincoln, the Earl of Warwick and other noblemen.
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