Hardknott Roman Fort, Eskdale

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Hardknott Roman Fort is an archeological site, the remains of the Roman fort Mediobogdum, located on the western side of the Hardknott Pass in the English county of Cumbria (formerly part of Cumberland).Location and nameThe fort was built on a rocky spur giving a superb view over the River Esk in both upper and lower Eskdale, and protecting Hardknott Pass. At an altitude of 800 feet, it isn't the highest fort in the Roman province of Britannia, the highest fort is Epiacum or Whitley Castle, also in Cumbria, at an altitude of 1050 feet.The ruins have been commonly known in recent times as Hardknott Fort or Hardknott Castle, but are identified from the Ravenna Cosmography as the Mediobogdum fort, situated along the road between the forts of Galava.Classical historyBuilt between about 120 and 138, the fort was abandoned during the Antonine advance into Scotland during the mid-2nd century. The fort was reoccupied around 200 and continued in use until the last years of the 4th century. During this time, an extensive vicus developed outside the fort. The Roman garrison here was a detachment of 500 cavalry of the 6th Cohort of Dalmatians from the Dalmatian coast.
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Hardknott Roman Fort Reviews
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  • We came upon the Roman Fort when we drove along Wrynose Pass and Hardnott Pass. It is interesting and a big fort with information points and wonderful views. Highly recommended drive out. There is a s...  more »
  • The Hardknott Fort is well worth seeing if you have imagination and an interest in History. The area is stunning all around and shouldn't be missed.  more »
  • We parked at the bottom (there's a car park just past the cattle grid at the bottom of the pass) and walked up a fairly short but steep path up through the bracken. Well defined walls and structures with several information plaques. Beautiful views back down the valley to the sea.
  • Incredible drive over pass... O e in three gradient. Only room for one car.. God forbid if you meet another car in the opposite direction.. One of you has to reverse downhill to find a spot wide enough to pass safely
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