Duga Radar Russian Woodpecker, Chernobyl

#6 of 43 in Things to do in Kiev Oblast
Military Facility · Landmark
Duga was a Soviet over-the-horizon (OTH) radar system used as part of the Soviet anti-ballistic missile early-warning network. The system operated from July 1976 to December 1989. Two operational Duga radars were deployed, one near Chernobyl and Chernihiv in the Ukrainian SSR (present-day Ukraine), the other in eastern Siberia.The Duga systems were extremely powerful, over 10 MW in some cases, and broadcast in the shortwave radio bands. They appeared without warning, sounding like a sharp, repetitive tapping noise at 10 Hz, which led to it being nicknamed by shortwave listeners the Russian Woodpecker. The random frequency hops disrupted legitimate broadcasts, amateur radio operations, oceanic commercial aviation communications, utility transmissions, and resulted in thousands of complaints by many countries worldwide. The signal became such a nuisance that some receivers such as amateur radios and televisions actually began including 'Woodpecker Blankers' in their circuit designs in an effort to filter out the interference.The unclaimed signal was a source for much speculation, giving rise to theories such as Soviet mind control and weather control experiments. However, because of its distinctive transmission pattern, many experts and amateur radio hobbyists quickly realized it to be an over-the-horizon radar system. NATO military intelligence had already given it the reporting name STEEL WORK or STEEL YARD. While the amateur radio community was well aware of the system, this theory was not publicly confirmed until after the fall of the Soviet Union.
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  • Duga was a Soviet over-the-horizon radar (OTH) system used as part of the Soviet missile defense early-warning radar network. The system operated from July 1976 to December 1989 and people call it...  more »
  • It was so amazing to visit the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone in winter. Much snow is not often seen in Ukraine in recent years. The feeling of mystery did not disappear for a long time. Thanks a lot to...  more »
  • Massive man made radar structure you could witness. the shear height and magnitude of the structure will make you go wow... the steel truss, its connection and the cantilever potion supporting the radar is amazing and great feat of engineering. The beauty is that the structure is standing tall been through all the test of times, weather etc. Soviet structural engineering at its best as its the beast of all. The structure is entirely steel radar capable of detecting enemy incoming missiles.
  • I found this site fascinating. It is absolutely massive, photos really don't do that justice and yet Soviets hid it. I think all the Chernobyl tours visit here so if you so 1 will see it.
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