Vespasianus Titus Tunnel, Samandag

#2 of 16 in Historic Sites in Hatay Province
Must see · Historic Site · Tourist Spot
The Vespasianus Titus Tunnel is an ancient water tunnel built for the city of Seleucia Pieria, the port of Antioch (modern Antakya), in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.
It is located at the foot of the Nur Mountains, near the modern village of Çevlik, 7 km (4.3 mi) northwest of central Samandağ (the medieval port of Saint Symeon) and 35 km (22 mi) southwest of Antakya.
The tunnel is part of a water diversion system consisting of a dam, a short approach channel, the first tunnel section, a short intermediary channel, the second tunnel section and a long discharge channel.
The construction of the tunnel was ordered by the Roman emperor Vespasian (reigned 69–79 AD) to divert the floodwaters running down the mountain and threatening the harbor. It was built by digging the rocks using manpower only. The construction began under Vespasian and continued under his son Titus (r. 79–81 AD) and his successors. It was completed in the 2nd century under Antoninus Pius (r. 138–161). An inscription carved in rock at the entrance of the first tunnel section shows the names of Vespasianus and Titus, and another one at the discharge tunnel the name of Antoninus.
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  • You can easily reach the titus tunnels in the Samandag district of Antakya province, which is in the Mediterranean region of Turkey, by public buses departing from the center of Antakya.comfortable...  more »
  • It takes arround 15-20 min of walking to reach the tunnel. It is a perfect activity on a hot summer day, a stream goes down the tunnel and refresh the area.  more »
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