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Trip Planner Europe  /  Turkey  /  Turkish Black Sea Coast  /  Ordu Province  /  Ordu

Ordu

4.2
Lookouts · Churches · Wildlife Areas
Ordu is a port city on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, historically also known as Cotyora, and the capital of Ordu Province with a population of 205,396 in the city center. The city is world's largest hazelnut producer. While, hazelnut is the main source of economy, the city has small-sized industries and rapidly growing tourism in the recent years.HistoryIn the 8th century BC, the settlement of Cotyora was founded in this area as one of a string of colonies along the Black Sea coast established by the Miletians. Xenophon mentions the town, as does Strabo much later . Arrian, in his 131 CE guidebook Periplus of the Euxine Sea, describes it as a village "and not a large one."The area came under the control of the Danishmends, then the Seljuk Turks in 1214 and 1228, and the Hacıemiroğulları Beylik in 1346. Afterwards, it passed to the dominion of the Ottomans in 1461 along with the Empire of Trabzon.The modern city was founded by the Ottomans as Bayramlı near Eskipazar as a military outpost 5km west of Ordu.In 1869, the name was changed to Ordu and united with the districts of Bolaman, Perşembe, Ulubey, Hansamana and Aybastı. During the Ottoman Empire era, Ordu province was created by separating from Trebizond Vilayet at 17 April 1920
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