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Trip Planner Europe  /  Turkey  /  Erzurum Province  /  Erzurum

Erzurum

4.1
Monuments · Ski Areas · Architectural Buildings
Erzurum is a city in eastern Anatolia . It is the largest city in and eponymous capital of Erzurum Province. It is situated 1757 meters above sea level. Erzurum had a population of 361,235 in the 2000 census, increasing to 367,250 by 2010.As Ancient Theodosiopolis in Armenia, the former bishopric remains a Latin Catholic titular see.Erzurum, known as "The Rock" in NATO code, served as NATO's southeastern-most air force post during the Cold War. The city uses the double-headed Anatolian Seljuk Eagle as its coat-of-arms, a motif that was a common symbol throughout Anatolia and the Balkans in the medieval period.Erzurum has some of the finest winter sports facilities in Turkey and hosted the 2011 Winter Universiade.Name and etymologyThe city was originally known in Armenian as Karno K'aghak' (Կարնո քաղաք), meaning city of Karin, to distinguish it from the district of Karin (Կարին). After the Arab conquest of Armenia, the city was known to the Arabs as Kālīkalā (which was adopted from the original Armenian name).
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