Iglesia de San Juan, Laguardia

4.2
#18 of 24 in Things to do in Laguardia
Religious Site · Hidden Gem · Church
Iglesia de San Juan is located in Laguardia. Plan your visit to Iglesia de San Juan and a wealth of other attractions, well-known and undiscovered, using our Laguardia vacation maker app.
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  • Iglesia de San Juan is the second important church in Laguardia, after Santa Maria de los Reyes Church. The town is located in the well-known wine region called Rioja Alavesa, in Basque Country. It...  more »
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  • This church-fortress was built in the opposite sector of the villa with respect to the Basilica of Santa Maria de los Reyes, annexed to the wall and completing the southeast end of the fortified enclosure of Laguardia. Its current appearance is the result of successive interventions, enlargements and reforms dating back from the late 12th to the practically mid-18th century. From its primitive Tardor-Romanesque factory only the so-called 'Gateway of the Grandparents' is preserved, because towards the end of the thirteenth century and during the first half of the XIV it underwent a profound remodeling in Gothic style, remaining from then on as a church Latin cross-court plant with three naves separated by pointed arches and covered with cross vaults, cruiser marked both on the plan and in elevation and tripartite headboard in which the larger central apse functioned as another bulwark of the perimeter walled, presenting resounding buttresses among which open stylized Gothic windows. The sixteenth century its defensive function became obsolete, so further reforms were undertaken such as the transformation of its Gothic tower into bell tower. The last major intervention was carried out in the eighteenth century when, following plans by the architect Juan Bautista de Arbaiza, a large octagonal chapel covered by a starry vault dedicated to the Virgin of the Pillar is erected at the foot of the temple construction, unfortunately, meant the destruction of its original western cover, which according to different theories, presented similar monumentality as its neighbor of Santa Maria de los Reyes. It exhibits the Virgen del Pilar, Gothic sculpture of the Virgin with the Child that corresponds to the mainel of the missing cover.
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