The Alcazaba of Badajoz is an ancient Moorish citadel in Badajoz, Extremadura, western Spain. The alcazaba as it now appears was built by the Almohads in the 12th century, although it probably existed from the 9th century, when Badajoz was founded. In the 11th and 12th centuries it was the residence of the rulers of the taifa of Badajoz.
It was declared a national monument of Spain in 1931.
Badajoz was founded by Abd-al Rahman Ibn Marwan in 875. After he had led several rebellions, he was expelled by Mérida but was given the chance to found a new city. Here, on a hill commanding the new city, he built a large citadel which granted Badajoz a strategic role in controlling the passage from Portugal to central Iberia.
The current line of walls date mostly from the Almohad age, although there are traces of earlier work from 913 and 1030; in 1169 the Almohad caliph Abu Yaqub Yusuf rebuilt the fortress, giving it its current appearance. The last Muslim restoration was carried on by Abu Yahya ibn Abi Sinan in the 13th century, few years before the capture of the city by the Christian King Alfonso IX of Castile.
The citadel measures 400x. It is bounded to the north by the Guadiana river and to the east by the Rivillas torrent. The less steep parts of the slopes and other strategically weak points are defended by towers. The whole line of walls features a parapet, while the barbican and the ditch which once added protection have disappeared.
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Alcazaba of Badajoz Reviews
Beautiful and calm place. Perfect for a picnic with amazing views on the city. I loke that the place was not changed into a strict museum, and stayed open for everydays life of people. more »
We went to Plaza Alta in the early evening as was very hot when we visited Badajoz. Lovely murals @ the plaza. Good signage about the history of the alcazaba. The city is filled with history and... more »
Nice visit and free to enter and park. Great to pass some time away, but very neglected which is a shame. Hence the 3 stars
Impresive but the restorations are a bit like "new" building. Anyway, have a free look
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