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Trip Planner Europe  /  Slovakia  /  Trnava Region  /  Galanta

Galanta

2.8
Water & Amusement Parks · Historic Sites
Galanta is a small town in Slovakia. It is situated 50 km due east from the Slovak capital Bratislava.EtymologyThe name is derived from a Slavic name Golęta . A pre-Hungarian origin of the settlement is documented by the Proto-Slavic nasal "ę" conserved in the name .GeographyGalanta lies in the Danubian Lowland (Podunajská nížina), the warm southern part of Slovakia. There are many agricultural fields around Galanta, where wheat, corn, and other vegetables and fruits are grown.HistoryThe land around Galanta has almost continuously been inhabited since the neolithic. From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The first written record of Galanta was made in 1237 in a Royal Decree by Béla IV of Hungary. Through the years, the settlement was under the lordship of various noble families. Beginning in 1421, the Eszterházy family ruled the town and the surrounding area. In 1613 or 1614, Galanta was promoted to a free market town. After break-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the town became part of newly created Czechoslovakia. As a result of the First Vienna Award, it returned to Hungary between 1938 and 1945. On 31 March 1945, Galanta was captured by troops of the Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front and became again part of Czechoslovakia.
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