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Trip Planner Europe  /  Portugal  /  Azores  /  Faial Island  /  Praia do Norte

Praia do Norte

4.2
Bodies of Water
Praia do Norte is a civil parish of the municipality of Horta, located along the northern coast between Cedros and Capelo, on the Portuguese island of Faial, in the archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 250, in an area of 13.85km2. It is the least populous parish on the island, reached along the Estrada Regional E.R.1-1ª regional roadway from the urban centre of Horta.HistoryThis parish, and its church, were first referenced on 30 June 1567, for its fertile soil . By 1643, there were 274 inhabitants and 77 homes in the area . The parish at one time included the region of Capelo, but it was de-annexed.The primitive parochial church was destroyed completely by the eruption of Cabeço do Fogo in 1672. At about one in the morning, a violent explosion awoke many of the residents, and forced them from their homes. Two lava flows escaped Cabeço do Fogo towards the north and south . The northern flow, after pausing to destroy Lameiros, reached Praia do Norte where it covered the parish in black rock, covering the large tracts of arable land. Many of the residents of the northern coast abandoned the area, eventually resulting in the parish being incorporated into the neighboring parish . According to Américo Costa a large part of the inhabitants of both parishes were affected by the eruption; homes and farmlands in Ribeira do Cabo, Lameiros and Praia do Norte were destroyed. A niche, located at the intersection to Norte Pequeno, currently marks the position of the old church. Some inhabitants returned gradually, planting vineyards and fruit trees and small agricultural farming developed on the higher elevations.
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