Memorial at Mila 18, Warsaw

3.8
#4 of 6 in Neighborhoods in Mazovia Province
Neighborhood · Hidden Gem · Other
Ulica Miła 18 was the headquarters "bunker" of the Jewish Combat Organization, a Jewish resistance group in the Warsaw Ghetto in Poland during World War II.
The "bunker" at Miła 18 was constructed by a group of underworld smugglers in 1943. The ŻOB fighters arrived there after their own hideout, at 29 Miła Street, had been discovered. The smugglers who had built it were helping the ŻOB as guides.
On 8 May 1943, three weeks after the start of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, when the "bunker" was found out by the Nazis, there were around 300 people inside. The smugglers surrendered, but the ŻOB command, including Mordechaj Anielewicz, the leader of the uprising, stood firm. The Nazis threw tear gas into the shelter to force the occupants out. Anielewicz, his girlfriend Mira Fuchrer and many of his staff committed mass suicide by ingesting poison rather than surrender, though a few fighters who did neither managed to get out of a rear exit, and later fled from the ghetto through the canals to the "Aryan side" at Prosta Street on May 10.
The bodies of Jewish fighters were not exhumed after 1945 and the place gained a status of war memorial. In 1946, the monument known as "Anielewicz Mound", made of the rubble of Miła houses, was erected. A commemorative stone with the inscription in Polish and Yiddish was placed on top of the mound.
A visit to Memorial at Mila 18 represents just the start of the adventure when you use our Warsaw day trip website to plot your vacation.
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  • This is truly a historic place. This important monument to the heroes of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising against the Nazi oppression is a rather nondescript mound of grass on an undeveloped lot in the...  more »
  • Warsaw is many things. Vibrant European capital. Center of Polish history. City of many museums, parks, and beautiful (or in some cases far from beautiful) buildings. And, for Jews, a place of...  more »
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