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Trip Planner Europe  /  Poland  /  Central Poland  /  Swietokrzyskie Province  /  Wachock

Wachock

4.8
Sacred & Religious Sites
Wąchock is a town in Starachowice County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland, near Starachowice. In 2006, it had 2,777 inhabitants. Wachock received its town charter in 1454, lost it in 1869, and regained in 1994. The town is located in historic Lesser Poland, and is famous across Poland for jokes about its inhabitants and their sołtys (head of a village). Wąchock has the Monument of the Sołtys, also the town organizes annual meeting of Polish sołtyses. The town lies on National Road Nr. 42, and has a rail station on a route from Skarżysko-Kamienna to Sandomierz.Wąchock is first mentioned in historical records from 1179. In the thirteenth century, a Cisterian abbey was founded here, and today its buildings form the most notable sight in the town. The abbey emerged as one of the richest institutions of this kind. Monks from Wąchock contributed to the development of early industry along the Kamienna river, opening metal plants in several locations. In 1454, Wąchock received its Magdeburg rights from King Kazimierz Jagiellończyk, and the town, together with the abbey, was frequently raided and destroyed - by the Mongols in 1259–1260 (see Mongol invasion of Poland), the Swedes in 1655, and the Transilvanians in 1657 (see The Deluge). In 1819, the abbey was taken over by the government of Russian-controlled Congress Poland, and the monks did not return there until 1951.
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