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Trip Planner Europe  /  Poland  /  Northern Poland  /  Pomerania Province  /  Gniew

Gniew

4.7
Castles · Specialty Museums
Gniew is a town situated on the left bank of the Vistula River, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 6,870 inhabitants (2016).One of the most historical towns in Polish Pomerania, Gniew is renowned for its medieval brick gothic Castle, which has become the region's most recognizable monument.HistoryThe first recorded mentions of Gniew appear in written documents of the first half of the 13th century, which refer to the region as Terra Gymeu in 1229, terra Mewe in 1250, and terra Gemewe in 1283, terra Mewa. The name Wansca was also used. The German name of Mewe for the town is still reflected on the coat of arms of the city, which bears the presence of a seagull .Beginning in the 10th century, the region belonged to the Polan tribe and was part of Gdańsk Pomerania. After the division of Poland by Bolesław III Wrymouth, Gniew fell to the castellany of Starogard Gdański. The land later fell to the Princes of Świecie and in 1229 Prince Sambor and Swantopolk II of Pomerania granted it to the Cistercian abbey in Oliwa. In the second half of the 13th century, Sambor retook Gniew from the Cistercians and in 1276 bestowed it on the Teutonic Knights. Their claim was formally recognized by Mestwin II of Pomerania in 1282, and the city became the first stronghold of the Teutonic Order on the left riverside of the Vistula. A castle was built as a result of this important strategic location, and in 1297 the Teutonic Knights gave Gniew town privileges.
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