Boyen Fortress, Gizycko

#1 of 8 in Things to do in Gizycko
Landmark · Tourist Spot
Boyen Fortress is a former Prussian fortress located in the western part of Giżycko, in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, northeastern Poland. It is situated on a narrow isthmus between two large lakes of the Masurian Lake District, Kisajno and Niegocin.HistoryThe Boyen Fortress, named after Prussian Minister of War Hermann von Boyen, was built between 1844 and 1856 (or 1843 and 1855 according to some sources) by order of King Frederick William IV, with a workforce of about 3,000 soldiers.During First World War, the fortress supported the German troops during the nearby Battle of Tannenberg in the summer of 1914 with its long range artillery, and with its garrison engaged in feint operations. During Second World War, the fortress was not involved in military operations. It was a side of a field hospital and headquarter of the German military intelligence service (Fremde Heere Ost) under Reinhard Gehlen in 1942–1945. It was abandoned by Germans without fight in 1944.After the war the fortress became administered by the Polish Army. In 1975, it was declared a monument and opened as a tourist attraction with a small museum on its grounds.Bibliography Jurgen Thorwald: Illusion - Soviet soldiers in Hitler's army, OWN Warsaw - Kraków in 1994, Bogdan Vasilenko: Mamry and the surrounding area. Guide, Kętrzyn in 1996,
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  • There are 3 touristic routes to follow, all of them relatively easy to do. Some of the buildings are pretty much damaged and forgotten, while some others have a nice exhibit. Fortifications are in.....  more »
  • Good price, but they didn't have any information in english so it was very hard for my boyfriend to understand. Nice walking paths and overall vwry interesting  more »
  • This was an impromptu visit at the end of winter in Poland. Will come back in summer. Great place to explore and learn the rich history. You probably need good 4 hours or so to do it. Take your time and explore.
  • Huge territory to walk. Many exponats to see. Peace of Prussian history. Sometimes it feels great for urbex exploring. Check the old skuba-diver club. Would be impressive if there would scrap of field dedicated for a tavern on lake shore.
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