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El Callao is the chief seaport of Peru. The city is also called Provincia Constitucional (Constitutional Province), the only province of the Callao Region. The Historic Centre of Callao is located 15km west of Historic Centre of Lima, the country's capital, and is part of the Lima Metropolitan Area. Callao borders Lima Province on the north, east and south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.HistoryEl Callao was founded by Spanish colonists in 1537, just two years after Lima . It soon became the main port for Spanish commerce in the Pacific. The origin of its name is unknown; both Indian and Spanish sources are credited, but it is certain that it was known by that name since 1550. Other sources point to the similarity with the Portuguese word calhau, having a similar sound.At the height of the Viceroyalty, virtually all goods produced in Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina were carried over the Andes by mule to Callao, to be shipped to Panama, carried overland, and then transported on to Spain via Cuba.After the Battle of Ayacucho, 9 December 1824, that sealed the independence of Peru and South America, Spain made futile attempts to retain its former colonies, such as at the Siege of Callao . On 20 August 1836, during the Peru-Bolivian Confederacy, President Andrés de Santa Cruz mandated the creation of the Callao Littoral Province, which had political autonomy in its internal affairs. During the government of President Ramón Castilla, Callao was given the name of Constitutional Province, on 22 April 1857; before that, Callao had the name of Littoral Province. All of the other Peruvian provinces had been given their names by law, while Callao was given it by constitutional mandate.Callao is in Lima Region. To arrange what you want to do in Callao, use our Peru tour itinerary site .
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16 days in Peru SEE PLAN February, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, popular sights PREFERENCES: February, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 60 days in Europe, South Pacific, Africa & South America BY A USER FROM MEXICO June, popular sights PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 12 days in Peru BY A USER FROM PERU March, fast-paced, popular sights PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Fast-paced 1 day in Callao BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES March, popular sights PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Callao BY A USER FROM PERU January, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: January ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 11 days in Callao BY A USER FROM MALAWI December, romantic, beaches, shopping, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: December, romantic, beaches, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy