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Brukkaros, Central Plateau

#33 of 36 in Nature in Namibia
Brukkaros Mountain is an extinct volcano in ǁKaras Region, Namibia. Measuring 1,590 metres at its peak, Brukkaros is located about 15 kilometres northeast of the primarily Nama town of Berseba. It is over 600 metres taller than the surrounding area.The mountain is a large extinct volcano, in the form of a ring mountain (a so-called tuff ring) with a diameter of about 4 km and has been formed by an explosion when rising magma met groundwater and superheated it. It is formed of an indistinctly bedded red-brown microbreccia, composed of finely fragmented rocks of the Nama System that were blown out of a volcanic vent about 80 million years ago. The breccia layers slope inwards (unlike the slope around a volcanic crater), and removal of the softer upper layers by erosion has created the central hollow. The hollow is drained by a stream which runs southwards through the ring mountain in a narrow valley. The route into the interior of the mountain is along this valley. At its head is a dry waterfall, over which the stream plunges down some 45 m after rain, and the river bed directly below the fall is the principal source of water.HistoryFrom 1926-1931, the National Geographic Society, in cooperation with the Smithsonian Institution, ran the Brukkaros Solar Observatory on the mountain to measure daily solar radiation. Use our Keetmanshoop attractions planner to arrange your visit to Brukkaros and other attractions in Keetmanshoop.
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  • My first view of Mount Brukkaros were during my National Service days (late 1978) when a friend, born in Namibia, took me to watch a high school rugby match in Keetmanshoop. We left Windhoek very...  more »
  • The Brukkaros experience was amazing. You have to be ready to go wild. Both camps were abandoned (looks like more than a year ago). The road from lower camp to upper camp are not really suitable for.....  more »
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