Amarbayasgalant Monastery, Amar Hiyd

#4 of 16 in Historic Sites in Mongolia
Amarbayasgalant Monastery or the "Monastery of Tranquil Felicity", is one of the three largest Buddhist monastic centers in Mongolia. The monastery complex is located in the Iven Valley near the Selenge River, at the foot of Mount Büren-Khaan in Baruunbüren sum of Selenge Province in northern Mongolia. The nearest town is Erdenet which is about 60 km to the southwest.The monastery was established and funded by order of Manchu Yongzheng Emperor to serve as a final resting place for Zanabazar, the first Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, or spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism for the Khalkha in Outer Mongolia and a spiritual mentor to both emperors' ancestor, the Kangxi Emperor. Tradition holds that while searching for an appropriate site to build the monastery, the exploratory group came across two young boys, Amur and Bayasqulangtu, playing on the steppe. They were inspired to build the monastery on that very spot and to name it after the two children, Amur-Bayasqulangtu. More likely, the location was chosen because it stood at the place where the lama’s traveling Da Khuree was encamped at the moment of the his death. Construction took place between 1727 and 1736 and Zanabazar's remains were transferred there in 1779.
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Amarbayasgalant Monastery Reviews
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33 reviews
  • One of the few monasteries to have escaped destruction during the Russian purge the central section is well preserved. Although Chinese in style it has an unique cultural relationship with the nomadic...  more »
  • When I did the Trans-Siberian Express I also stayed for more than a week in Mongolia and the first day in this gorgeous country was a visit to this monastery. The monastery itself is quite nice, but i...  more »
  • This is a definite must see Monastery if you come to Mongolia. About a 5 hour drive from Ulaanbataar and 35 kms up an unpaved road. The monks living in the housing to the right of the Monastery have keys and will open it up for you.
  • I have been there once. Its very attractive monestry. People should go there
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