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Yagul, Tlacolula

#10 of 30 in Historic Sites in Oaxaca
World heritage site · Cave · Ruin
Yagul is an archaeological site and former city-state associated with the Zapotec civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, located in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. The site was declared one of the country's four Natural Monuments on 13 October 1998. The site is also known locally as Pueblo Viejo (Old Village) and was occupied at the time of the Spanish Conquest. After the Conquest the population was relocated to the nearby modern town of Tlacolula where their descendants still live.
Yagul was first occupied around 500-100 BC. Around 500-700 AD, residential, civic and ceremonial structures were built at the site. However, most of the visible remains date to 1250-1521 AD, when the site functioned as the capital of a Postclassic city-state.
The site was excavated in the 1950s and 60s by archaeologists Ignacio Bernal and John Paddock.
Vestiges of human habitation in the area, namely cliff paintings at Caballito Blanco, date to at least 3000 BC. After the abandonment of Monte Albán about 800 AD, the region's inhabitants established themselves in various small centers such as Lambityeco, Mitla and Yagul.
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Yagul reviews

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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
69 reviews
  • Smallest of the 3 and not as well restored overall but worth seeing. Restored ball court and a few looted tombs that you can still see. Not many facilities at the site but some places within 5...  more »
  • Not the grandeur of Monte Albán, this ruin is great for exploring, for wandering over ruins the way an archaeologist might. The views of the valley are extraordinary.  more »
  • Pretty cool little place. We stopped at some smaller ruins, and Mitla, and this was probably the best. Nobody else was here, no tourists or vendors just one person to sell you your ticket. Nice little hike to the top of the hill for a great view if you want.
  • Pretty cool place to visit for a couple of hours. I liked it better than the ruins in Mitla. Some nice tombs and great views.
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