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Kokshetau, formerly known as Kokchetav is the administrative center of Akmola Region, northern Kazakhstan. Population:GeographyKokshetau is some north-west of the national capital of Astana. The Kokshetau area is known for its two national parks, Burabay and Kokshetau. The city of Kokshetau is located on the shores of Lake Kopa.HistoryKokshetau was founded in 1824 by Russian military as an outpost. The name of the city is of Kazakh origin literally meaning "a smoky-blue mountain". In 1868 it became a district center of Omskaya gubernia in the Russian Empire. In 1944 Kokchetav became the administrative center of the newly created Kokchetavskaya Oblast. In 1997 Kokshetau Oblast region was liquidated. In 1999 due to an administrative changes in the structure of Akmola and North Kazakhstan regions Kokshetau became the center of Akmola Oblast.In late 1930s as a result of the Polish operation of the NKVD - USSR citizens of Polish nationality, related national operations, also against Kazakh SSR Germans, since 1939 many residents of the Poland's kresy wschodnie were forcibly settled in this region, and Kokchetav became the center of the Polish community in Kazakhstan.ClimateKokshetau lies in the extreme continental climate zone with long, cold winters and hot summers. The average temperature in January is -15.3°C. In July the temperature averages 20.2°C. Yearly precipitation amounts to 313mm. Kokshetau is in Akmola Province. To arrange what you want to do in Kokshetau, use our Kazakhstan road trip planner.
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