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Trip Planner Asia  /  Japan  /  Chubu  /  Hokuriku  /  Fukui Prefecture  /  Tsuruga

Tsuruga

2.9
Sacred & Religious Sites · Flea Markets · Beaches
Tsuruga is a city in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. It is the largest city in Japan's Wakasa region.HistoryAn Imperial decree in July 1899 established Tsuruga as an open port for trading with the United States and the United Kingdom.Bashō (1644-1694) wrote a celebrated haiku on the moonlight over Tsuruga bay.Tsuruga was incorporated as a city on April 1, 1937.Tsuruga is known for its two nuclear power facilities - the Monju demonstration nuclear plant and the Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant.Tsuruga was the only Japanese port opened to the Polish orphans in 1920, and to the Jewish refugees in 1940 thanks to Jan Zwartendijk, the Dutch Consul in Kaunas, who issued visa for Curaçao and Surinam, Mr. Chiune Sugihara, Vice-Consul for the Empire of Japan in Lithuania could issue transit visa for Japan. These historic events are detailed at the Port of Humanity Tsuruga Museum. Jan Zwartendijk is honored in Israel, Lithuania and The Netherlands. In Japan his work is rather unknown so far.GeographySituated on Wakasa Bay, Tsuruga lies some 50 km south of Fukui, 90 km northwest of Nagoya, 40 km northwest of Maibara, 115 km northeast of Osaka, 75 km northeast of Kyoto, and 65 km east of Maizuru.
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