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Siculiana is a town and comune in the province of Agrigento, Sicily, southern Italy, 13km west of the provincial capital Agrigento.HistoryAccording to some historians the name derives from the distortion of the Arabic Suq al Jani, while others believe its origin stems from Suqu 'l Yuni or Supu 'l Yunani .The medieval hamlet of Siculiana was founded in 1310 by Frederick II Chiaramonte, who constructed a castle, parts of which still exist today, on the ruins of the Arab fortress known as "Kalat Sugul", which had been destroyed in 1087 during the conquest of Sicily by Roger I.Siculiana’s 13km long coast line is unspoiled and in the locality of Torre Salsa, a protected Regional Nature Reserve has been established due to its particular naturalistic and environmental interest.Siculiana Marina is the seaside extension of Siculiana; it is a summer resort on the Strait of Sicily, once an important stop in the Mediterranean. The Port of Call of Siculiana Marina was historically an important commercial emporium. The Caricatore was still active up to the end of 19th century.MafiaIn June 2008, the city council was dissolved because of Mafia infiltration. Mafia tradition is old in Siculiana. On a map, made in 1900 by one of the first Mafia researchers Antonio Cutrera, a former officer of public security, Siculiana is mentioned as ‘high density’ Mafia territory.Siculiana is in Province of Agrigento. Use our Italy itinerary planner to arrange the hows, wheres, and whens of your trip to Siculiana.
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