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Trip Planner Europe  /  Italy  /  Marche  /  Province of Fermo  /  Sant'Elpidio a Mare

Sant'Elpidio a Mare

4.2
Landmarks · Factory Outlets · Performances
Sant'Elpidio a Mare is a town and comune in the province of Fermo, in the Marche region of Italy.GeographySant'Elpidio a Mare is on a ridge of Marche Apennine, elevation 251m above sea level, between the lower river valleys of the river Tenna and Ete Morto, 9km from the Adriatic Sea.HistoryThe town was originally named Cluana. The village of Cluana acquired Saint Elpidius' relics in the seventh century in exchange for the donation of a piece of land. The relics of Elpidius and his companions Eustace and Ennesius were consigned to the local inhabitants, and the town later acquired the new name of Sant'Elpidio a Mare. The relics of Elpidius are considered to have saved the town from a Lombard siege; tradition states that the saint appeared in the sky asking the inhabitants to defend the village.The city occupies the territory belonged to Cluana, the ancient Roman city bathed by the river Chienti and destroyed by the Goths in the early 400s. In 887, one of the oldest and most powerful Benedictine abbeys of the Marches' "Imperial Abbey of the Holy Cross to Chienti" was founded. The medieval village with the name of the Castle of Sant 'Elpidio, located in the eleventh century on the hill on top of which is home to the Church of Our Lady of Light. Elevated to the rank of a free commune in 1250, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor ordered the construction of a port between the rivers Chienti and Tenna. In later centuries it attracted the bitter hostility from neighboring Fermo. Destroyed in 1328 by the mercenary troops from Monteverde, it was destroyed again by the Ghibelline Rinaldo from Monteverde in 1376 and in 1377.
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