Macellum (Temple of Serapis), Pozzuoli

#2 of 14 in Historic Sites in Pozzuoli
Ruin · Hidden Gem · Tourist Spot
The Macellum of Pozzuoli was the macellum or market building of the Roman colony of Puteoli, now the city of Pozzuoli in southern Italy. When first excavated in the 18th century, the discovery of a statue of Serapis led to the building being misidentified as the city's serapeum or Temple of Serapis.A band of borings or Gastrochaenolites left by marine Lithophaga bivalve molluscs on three standing marble columns indicated that these columns had remained upright over centuries while the site sank below sea level, then re-emerged. This puzzling feature was the subject of debate in early geology, and eventually led to the identification of bradyseism in the area, showing that the Earth's crust could be subject to gradual movement without destructive earthquakes.
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Macellum (Temple of Serapis) reviews

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  • As an archaeologist, I visit many similar places, so I'm just writing on the things that strike me here, not trying to summarize the importance of the site. It struck me how well-preserved the plan.....  more »
  • After visiting the flavian amphitheatre we took a walk around the town of Pozzuoli, down towards the port area we came across the temple of Serapide. It's a shame you can't get down into the area but....  more »
  • Columns are known for the effect of bradyseism, related to vertical movement of area, which happens due to filling and emptying of volcanic magma chamber with magma below the town. When there is an increase of pressure with new magma, the town above rises and smaller earthquakes appear. Vertical rising in one event can be huge, for example 180cm in years 1982-84. In these columns, marine mollusc burrows have been found 6 to 8 m high, indicating the columns were submerged below the sea for some time and then again uplifted.
  • Nothing really exciting to to see or to learn but very clean site and little nice restaurant nearby.someone told me it was old fish market in Napoli
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