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Pomarico is a small town of 4500 inhabitants in Southern Italy, in the region Basilicata. It is about 30km from Matera, the capital of the province to which Pomarico belongs.HistoryThe town was founded about 850 AD by Greeks. An old castle was built but only few ruins of it remain.Pomarico Vecchio. –The original settlement was located 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) south of the city of New Pomarico (Matera).It occupied the plateau of a small mountain or hill, then known as San Giacomo (St James).The natives or indigenous people of the area formed a settlement on this plateau. Archeologists date the settlement back to the second half of the 6th century BC,The settlement saw its greatest development between the 3rd and 4th B.C. The settlement area consisted of a pear-shaped space of 330 sq meters or approximately 3,500 sq ft. The area was surrounded by a boundary wall, built in the 4th century BC. The wall had double facing slabs of sandstone with square towers, which stood separately. These towers are now partially collapsed This isolated or separated hill, allowed complete visibility of the surrounding valleys.From an antiquity or historical point of view, this settlement shows the characteristics of a village center, allowing easy access into the interior. In the 4th Century AD, the indigenous elements of the settlement were converted to a complete Greco-Roman architectural settlement which today is noticeable by the organization of the plateau area and the characteristics of the materials found.The archeological findings from excavations confirmed the many discoveries made in the burial grounds site in the settlement area, which defines the settlement as Greco-Roman. However, the finds of the excavations are preserved primarily in museums of Matera, Potenza and Metaponto, and cannot be attributed with certainty to the area of Pomarico Vecchio or to the now urban area of New Pomarico Pomarico is in Province of Matera. Plan your vacation with our Italy day trip tool and discover the best things to do in Pomarico.
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