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Trip Planner Europe  /  Italy  /  Tuscany  /  Province of Siena  /  Pienza

Pienza

4.3
Landmarks · Sacred & Religious Sites · Specialty Museums
Pienza, a town and comune in the province of Siena, in the Val d'Orcia in Tuscany (central Italy), between the towns of Montepulciano and Montalcino, is the "touchstone of Renaissance urbanism."In 1996, UNESCO declared the town a World Heritage Site, and in 2004 the entire valley, the Val d'Orcia, was included on the list of UNESCO's World Cultural Landscapes.HistoryBefore the village was renamed to Pienza its name was Corsignano. It is first mentioned in documents from the 9th century. Around 1300 parts of the village became property of the Piccolomini family. after Enghelberto d'Ugo Piccolomini had been enfeoffed with the fief of Montertari in Val d'Orcia by the emperor Frederick II in 1220. In the 13th century Franciscans settled down in Corsignano.1405 Corsignano was the birthplace of Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini (links=no), a Renaissance humanist born into an exiled Sienese family, who later became Pope Pius II. Once he became Pope, Piccolomini had the entire village rebuilt as an ideal Renaissance town and renamed it after himself to Pienza. Intended as a retreat from Rome, it represents the first application of humanist urban planning concepts, creating an impetus for planning that was adopted in other Italian towns and cities and eventually spread to other European centers.
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Places to visit with Pienza

FlorenceTrip planner BEST FOR: Art Museum, Historic Walking Area, Landmark SienaTrip planner BEST FOR: Landmark, Church, Historic Site MontalcinoTrip planner BEST FOR: Winery / Vineyard, Historic Site, Observation Deck PisaTrip planner BEST FOR: Observation Deck, Religious Site, Landmark San GimignanoTrip planner BEST FOR: Historic Site, Winery / Vineyard, Landmark