Temple of Athena, Paestum

4.9
Ruin · Historic Site
The Parthenon (; Ancient Greek: Παρθενών; Greek: Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas, [parθeˈnonas]) is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power. It was completed in 438 BC, although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the zenith of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and Western civilization, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. To the Athenians who built it, the Parthenon and other Periclean monuments of the Acropolis were seen fundamentally as a celebration of Hellenic victory over the Persian invaders and as a thanksgiving to the gods for that victory.
The Parthenon itself replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians call the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon served a practical purpose as the city treasury. For a time, it served as the treasury of the Delian League, which later became the Athenian Empire. In the final decade of the 6th century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures. From 1800 to 1803, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin removed some of the surviving sculptures, now known as the Elgin Marbles, with the alleged permission of the Turks of the Ottoman Empire.
Since 1975, numerous large-scale restoration projects have been undertaken; the latest is expected to finish in 2020.
Arrange your visit to Temple of Athena and discover more family-friendly attractions in Paestum using our Paestum trip itinerary planner.
Source
Create an itinerary including Temple of Athena
© OpenMapTiles © OpenStreetMap contributors

Temple of Athena reviews

Rate this attraction
TripAdvisor traveler rating
TripAdvisor traveler rating 5.0
243 reviews
Google
4.8
TripAdvisor
  • We were very impressed by the magnitude and splendor of this temple. Apart from the Greek ruins in Athens, this was the most impressive and well preserved Greek ruins that I’ve seen in my travels...  more »
  • So beautiful! Recommend to go here by a friend. We took train from Naples and turned into a ling day. The train never stopped in Paestum. We went past it. They helped on to the next train heading...  more »
Google
  • this is the northern most of the 3 temples at the archeo site, and set about a 5 min walk away from the other 2. It is quite surreal, as it stands surrounded by some open trees and no other nearby ruins, so it appears majestic by its natural surrounds. dont visit on a very hot day as little shade, Crowds are small in comparison to Pompeii and the entire site is quite spread out so that thins the crowds. 12 Euro per adult but that gets you into the museum as well as the site
  • Like going to Athens, but being able to actually go inside the temple. And without the view. But Still really cool and lots of history
  • Build a trip
    Tell us where and when you
    want to go, we will build
    the best sightseeing itinerary
  • Refine it
    You have complete flexibility on your destinations and itinerary
  • Book as a package
    Use our travel agents to get
    package savings and hassle free booking
  • Enjoy your trip!
    Enjoy our 24x7
    on-trip assistance

Popular things to do in Paestum

See all ›
©
Ruin
Paestum Ruins
4.7
Duration: 2 hours
©
Landmark
Anfiteatro Romano di Paestum
4.2
Duration: 1h 30 min
©
Farm
Caseificio Rivabianca
3.8
Duration: 1h 30 min
Outdoor Activity
Lido Esercito
4.6
Duration: 1h 30 min

Side trips from Paestum

©
Castle
Borgo Medievale di Agropoli Agropoli
4.6
Duration: 1h 30 min
©
Beach
Baia del Buon Dormire Palinuro
4.3
Duration: 4 hours
©
Cave
Grotte di Pertosa-Auletta Pertosa
4.5
Duration: 2h 30 min
©
Gift & Specialty Shop
Tenuta Vannulo Capaccio Scalo
4.2
Duration: 1h 30 min

Hidden gems in Paestum

Beach
Lido Mediterraneo Beach
3.6
Duration: 1h 30 min
©
Gift & Specialty Shop
Bazar Cerere
4.8
Duration: 1h 30 min
©
Educational Site
Azienda Agrituristica Seliano
4.4
Duration: 1h 30 min
Historic Walking Area
Le Mura
4.3
Duration: 1h 30 min

Beaches in Paestum

Beach
Lido Mec
1.9
Duration: 1h 30 min
Beach
Nausica Bagni
1.7
Duration: 1h 30 min
Beach
Lido del Villaggio e Campeggio Nettuno
1.1
Duration: 1h 30 min
Beach
Lido Girasole
2.5
Duration: 1h 30 min

Nearby attractions in Paestum

©
Ruin
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Paestum
4.5
Duration: 2h 30 min
©
Entertainment Center
Nevada Park Amusement Park
4.5
Duration: 2 hours
Cultural Tour
Silvia Braggio tours
5.0
Duration: 2h 30 min

Kid-friendly things to do in Paestum

Beach
Otium Mare Felix
1.9
Duration: 1h 30 min