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Trip Planner Europe  /  Italy  /  Calabria  /  Province of Vibo Valentia  /  Nicotera

Nicotera

4
Beaches · Bars & Clubs · History Museums
Nicotera is a comune (municipality) in the province of Vibo Valentia, Calabria, southern Italy.HistoryNicòtera origins lie with the ancient Greek city of Medma which was founded by the Locresis of Locri Epizephyris.During the period of Roman domination it partially survived only through the emporium (port), near today’s Nicotera Marina. A Christian bishopric see is attested in Nicotera during the Middle Ages.In 1065 Robert Guiscard -enlarging his Principate of Salerno- conquered it from the Byzantine Empire, and the town grew around the castle and the cathedral built under the Normans. In 1122, Nicotera was attacked by an Almoravid fleet, some of the populace were killed while the rest were taken and sold into slavery.Under Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II Nicotera attained economic wealth. To encourage commerce and industry, Frederick promoted Jewish settlement in the area called "Giudecca", in which Jews of this ghetto inhabited the area near the castle, enjoy protection from Christian persecution by the Bishop of Nicotera.
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