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Castel Capuano, Naples

#60 of 171 in Historic Sites in Naples
Castle · Hidden Gem · Architectural Building
Castel Capuano is a castle in Naples, southern Italy. It takes its name from the fact that it was at that point in the city walls where the road led out to the city of Capua. The castle is at the southwest end of via dei Tribunali, and until recently housed the Naples Hall of Justice, which has now moved to the new Civic Center, the Centro Direzionale.

The structure was built in the 12th century by William I, the son of Roger II of Sicily, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Naples. It was expanded by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen and became one of his royal palaces. On 19 August 1432, Sergianni Caracciolo was stabbed by four knights in the service of the queen in his room in Castel Capuano.

In the 16th century, under the Spanish viceroyship of Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, all of the city's various legal offices and departments were consolidated here and it became the Hall of Justice - known as the "Vicaria" - the basements of which served as a prison. Over the entrance to the castle, the arms of Emperor Charles V, who visited Naples in 1535, are still visible.

The castle has undergone many restorations, one as recent as 1860, and no longer retains much of its original appearance. The Colonna della Vicaria, a simple column on a pillar, once stood in front of the entrance; it was used to disgrace and punish debtors. At the rear exterior of the building, facing Piazza Enrico de Nicola, is the Fontana del Formiello.
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Castel Capuano reviews

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51 reviews
  • It is at Piazza Enrico de Nicola. Well, I expect that it was begun by Norman King William I and completed by Frederick II....If i remembered from my class correctly. Castel Capuano was a royal...  more »
  • Remarkable how a palace and fortress built by the Normans in 1165, remains, albeit rebuilt in 1540 and turned castle into law courts. A short distance away stands the gateway of Porta Capuana where...  more »
  • Wonderful location. Guido, the owner, was very accommodating.
  • Warm Welcome from Guido and Giuseppe, brothers and managers of the Bed & Breakfast. The breakfasts were special every day as all the advice we were given to visit Naples on a weekend. The location of the property is really strategic to walk around in the center but also to access the Metro and Central station. I Think we will return here also because we have left so many things to visit. Until next time. Greetings from Florence:)
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