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Trip Planner Europe  /  Italy  /  Umbria  /  Province of Perugia  /  Castiglione del Lago

Castiglione del Lago

4.1
Castles · Islands · Beaches
Castiglione del Lago is a town in the Province of Perugia of Umbria (central Italy), on the southwest corner of Lake Trasimeno. Orvieto is 59km south, Chiusi is 21km to the south west, Arezzo is 56km to the north west, Cortona is 21km to the north and Perugia is 47km to the south east.Geography and urban structureCastiglione del Lago has evolved on what used to be an island - the fourth island of Lake Trasimeno, in its south west region. Over the centuries, as the town grew, the flat gap between the island and the shore was filled with piazzas, houses, churches and other buildings.The newest parts of the city are at some distance from the old, so the centro storico (historical center) of Castiglione del Lago is a well-preserved medieval locality that seems to be governed by a "law of threes". In the town walls there are three gates, and inside the town there are three piazzas and three churches.HistoryCastiglione lies on the once important highway between Orvieto to the south, Chiusi to the west, and Arezzo to the north. Its position in this hotly disputed territory, pitting Etruscans against Romans, and later Tuscans against Perugians, inevitably brought a long cycle of death and destruction to the town. The original fortifications were destroyed and rebuilt on numerous occasions.It was only during and following the reign of Emperor Frederick II (early 13th century) that a period of relative stability ensued.
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