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Trip Planner Europe  /  Italy  /  Lazio  /  Province of Viterbo  /  Bomarzo

Bomarzo

4.2
Parks · Landmarks · Castles
Bomarzo is a town and comune of the province of Viterbo (Lazio, central Italy), in the lower valley of the Tiber. It is located 14.5km east-northeast of Viterbo and 68km north-northwest of Rome.HistoryThe city's current name is a derivation of Polymartium, first mentioned in the Historia Langobardorum by Paulus Diaconus. The etymology "polis martium", city of Mars, suggests a Roman origin. However, archeological evidence for a Roman city has not been found so far.It was a historical fiefdom of the Orsini family, whose castle is at the edge of the densely built town, until it was sold to Ippolito Lante Montefeltro della Rovere in 1645. Lante was elevated to the title of Duke of Bomarzo.Ecclesiastical historyA bishopric was established around 400 AD, which in 700 gained territory from the suppressed Diocese of Ferento.In 1015, it was suppressed and its territory transferred to the Diocese of Bagnoregio.Titular seeThe bishopric was nominally restored as a titular see in 1969.It has had the following incumbents, of either lowest (episcopal) or archiepiscopal (intermediary) rank: Bishop Isidro Augusto Oviedo y Reyes (1969.05.17 – 1969.10.31) Titular Archbishop Maurice Michael Otunga (1969.11.15 – 1971.10.24) (later Cardinal) Bishop Henri Désiré Delrue (1979.10.09 – 1982.05.22) Bishop Rosario Mazzola (1982.06.19 – 1988.07.23) Ciriaco Scanzillo (1989.03.23 – 2004.05.31) Titular Archbishop Thomas Edward Gullickson (2004.10.02 –...), Apostolic Nuncio to Switzerland and to Liechtenstein
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