Mosque of Omar, Jerusalem

3.3
The Ayyubid Mosque of Omar (مسجد عمر بن الخطاب) in Jerusalem is located opposite the southern courtyard of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Muristan area of the Christian Quarter.
According to later documents, after the Siege of Jerusalem in 637 by the Rashidun army under the command of Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah, Patriarch Sophronius refused to surrender except to the Caliph Omar (579-644) himself. Omar travelled to Jerusalem and accepted the surrender. He then visited the Church of the Resurrection (today better known as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre) where Sophronius invited him to pray inside the church, but Omar declined so as not to set a precedent and thereby endanger the church's status as a Christian site. Instead he prayed outside, on the steps east of the church, in a place where David was believed to have prayed. The legend seems anachronistic, since in the first decades of Muslim rule in Syria and Palestine the common use of churches by Christians and Muslims was a common occurrence. However, a "Mosque of Omar" was later built at that site, as proven by a stone plate with a Kufic inscription found in 1897 in the area of the eastern or outer atrium of the Constantinian (4th-century) Church of the Resurrection, defining this area as a mosque.
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Mosque of Omar Reviews
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  • OK to see if youn are in Jerusalem but it is nothing special. It is significant, however, as it was built to commemorate the site of the prayers of Caliph Omar El Habib  more »
  • The mosque is modest and simple, but its story is magnificent. After the siege of Jerusalem in 638 AD, Caliph Omar (ra) entered Jerusalem unarmed without a fight to take over the city. As he wanders the streets of Jerusalem, it is time to pray, and Omar (ra) asks for a place to pray. Meanwhile, the Patriarch of Jerusalem is showing Omar the Church of the Apocalypse and offering him to pray anywhere in the church. The patriarch's response to the proposal of Hz. Omar (ra) is magnificent; "If I pray in the church, the Muslims will learn that I pray here and make it a mosque. However, we do not interfere with the beliefs of the people in the places we conquer, but we do not harm their places of worship." Hz. Omar (ra) comes out of the Church of the Apocalypse and prays at the site of the Omar Mosque today. During the Umayyad period, the Omar Mosque was built here. Ottoman Sultan Abdulmajid makes the mosque what it is today with its minaret.
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  • I'm from India, I love prophet Muhammad (S.A.W), and Sahaba Karim (R.A). Insha Allah I'll come one day to OMAR Masjid, Nare Takbeer Allah hu Akbar, Islam Zindabad......!!
  • Mosque built where Umar Al Khatab RA prayed when he entered old city of Jerusalem. It is a stones throw away from the church of the holy sepulchre. Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) travelled from Madinah to Jerusalem where Sophronius, the Christian Patriarch of Jerusalem, offered him the ‘keys’ to the city. Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) entered the city of Jerusalem on foot with no bloodshed or harassment of the inhabitants.
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