German Colony, Jerusalem

4.7
#10 of 10 in Neighborhoods in Jerusalem
The German Colony is a neighborhood in Jerusalem, Israel established in the second half of the 19th century by members of the German Temple Society. Today the Moshava, as it is popularly known, is an upscale neighborhood bisected by Emek Refaim Street, an avenue lined with trendy shops, restaurants and cafes.HistoryBiblical eraEmek Refaim is mentioned in the Book of Joshua and in the Second Book of Samuel. The name is derived from a legendary race of giants who lived in this region in biblical times.Templer settlementIn 1873, after establishing colonies in Haifa and Jaffa, members of the Templer sect from Württemberg, Germany, settled on a large tract of land in the Refaim Valley, southwest of the Old City of Jerusalem. The land was purchased by one of the colonists, Matthäus Frank, from the Arabs of Beit Safafa. The Templers were Christians who broke away from the Protestant church and encouraged their members to settle in the Holy Land to prepare for Messianic salvation. They built their homes in the style to which they were accustomed in Germany - farmhouses of one or two stories, with slanting tiled roofs and shuttered windows, but using local materials such as Jerusalem stone instead of wood and bricks. The colonists engaged in agriculture and traditional trades such as carpentry and blacksmithing. Their homes ran along two parallel streets that would become Emek Refaim and Bethlehem Road. The British Mandatory government deported the German Templers during World War II. As Germans, they were considered enemy citizens, all the more so because they made no effort to disguise their Nazi sympathies. Some of them resettled in Australia.
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
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  • Excellent location, lots of amenities nearby. Old City is just 15 minutes walk. Helpful and friendly staff. Breakfast was amazing!!  more »
  • The German Colony in Emek Refaim, Jerusalem, Israel has beautiful architecture, good side walks, some quiet streets, a charquitrie, cheese shop, locally owned pharmacy, good restaurants etc. There is ...  more »
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