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Menara Kudus Mosque, Kudus

4.3
#1 of 7 in Things to do in Kudus
Must see · Religious Site · Tourist Spot
The Menara Kudus Mosque or Al-Aqsha Mosque is located in Kudus in the Indonesian province of Central Java. Dating from 1549, it is one of the oldest mosques in Indonesia, built at the time of Islam's spread through Java. The mosque preserves the tomb of Sunan Kudus, one of the nine Islamic saints of Java (the Wali Sanga), and it is a popular pilgrimage point.ArchitectureIt preserves pre-Islamic architectural forms such as old Javanese split doorways, ancient Hindu-Buddhist influenced Majapahit-style red brickwork, and a three-tired pyramindal roof. The most unusual feature is the brick minaret on which a pavilion shelters a large skin drum which is used to summon the faithful to prayer instead of the more common muezzin. Whereas a bedug normally hangs under the eaves of a mosque verandah, in the Kudus Mosque it sits in a tower like a Balinese Hindu temple kul-kul or signal drum used to warn of impending attack, fire, or communal event. No other mosque in Java is known to have a drum tower of this type.In front of the minaret and around the compound are walls and gateways in the old candi bentar (split gate) and kori agung (main gate) styles. Inside are two gateways—a smaller, inner gate with relief panels on either side similar to those found in Mantingan, and an outer gate that is reminiscent of the 14th-century Bajang Ratu gate at Trowulan. Other pre-Islamic touches include 8 kala-head water spouts in the ablution area and Ming procelain plates set in the walls.
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  • Kudus is an attractive city and the Kudus Tower is a very popular attraction for tourists. The old tower is distinctly a Hindu Candi. It's amazing how the mosque stands next to it, symbolic of the...  more »
  • The holy tower is a mosque tower that is designed like a Hindu temple. this is a historic tower built by sunan kudus (an Islamic religious leader) by adopting a Hindu style. What distinguishes the...  more »
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