Fort William, Kolkata (Calcutta)

Fort William is a fort built in Calcutta (presently Kolkata) on the eastern banks of the River Hooghly, the major distributary of the River Ganges, during the early years of the Bengal Presidency of British India. It was named after King William III of England and Ireland and II of Scotland. In front of the Fort is the Maidan, which used to be a part of the Fort and is the largest urban park in Calcutta.
There are two Fort Williams. The original was built in 1696 by the British East India Company under the supervision of John Goldsborough. Sir Charles Eyre started construction near the bank of the River Hooghly with the South-East Bastion and the adjacent walls. It was named after King William III in 1700. John Beard, his successor, added the North-East Bastion in 1701, and in 1702 started the construction of the Government House (Factory) at the centre of the fort. Construction ended in 1706. The original building had two stories and projecting wings. An internal guard room became the Black Hole of Calcutta. In 1756, the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj Ud Daulah, attacked the Fort, temporarily conquered the city, and changed its name to Alinagar. This led the British to build a new fort in the Maidan.
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Fort William Reviews
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4.5
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  • Visited Fort William with my family and relatives.Fort William has a number of remarkable historical sites. The Fort is well maintained by the Army. Apart from numerous guns, cannons there are a numbe...  more »
  • This is now headquarters of the Eastern Command of the Indian Army. The place is well maintained and witness to many historical events for the last over two centuries. A must visit destination for any...  more »
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  • One of the best forts in India. It has historical value. The architectural design and engineering marvel gives it the status of unconquered fort of India. It was a base camp during the 2nd world war. Now maintained by Indian Army, is totally clean n sophisticated.
  • A lovely and inspiring place where I had the privilege to spent 35 years of my life from 1963 to 1998. Even today when I enter the fortress I feel proud. Everything here is beyond description.
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