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Bagh Caves, Dhar

The Bagh Caves are a group of nine rock-cut monuments, situated among the southern slopes of the Vindhyas in Bagh town of Dhar district in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. These monuments are located at a distance of 97 km from Dhar town. These are renowned for mural paintings by master painters of ancient India. The use of the word "cave" is a bit of a misnomer, since these are not natural, but instead examples of Indian rock-cut architecture. The Bagh caves, like those at Ajanta, were excavated by master craftsmen on perpendicular sandstone rock face of a hill on the far bank of a seasonal stream, the Baghani. Buddhist in inspiration, of the nine caves, only five have survived. All of them are 'viharas' or resting places of monksmonasteries having quadrangular plan. A small chamber, usually at the back, forms the 'chaitya', the prayer hall. Most significant of these five extant caves is the Cave 4, commonly known as the Rang Mahal (Palace of Colors). These caves were dug out by Satvahanas. These were quarried in 5th -6th century AD.The PaintingsThe paintings on the wall and ceilings of the viharas of Bagh, the fragments of which are still visible in Cave 3 and Cave 4, were executed in tempera. These paintings are materialistic rather than spiritualistic.The ground prepared was a reddish-brown gritty and thick mud plaster, laid out on the walls and ceilings. Over the plaster, lime-priming was done, on which these paintings were executed. Some of the most beautiful paintings were on the walls of the portico of Cave 4. To prevent further loss of the values of Indian classical art, most paintings were carefully removed in 1982 and today can be seen in Archaeological Museum of Gwalior.
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  • Must go and watch the bagh caves and musiam and small river in the bridge and looking nice trees and shrubs  more »
  • Bagh Caves is situated approx. 97 kms from Dhar and 150 kms from Indore. These are ancient caves which were supposed to be used by monks to live and study and give shelter to the passersby. These cave...  more »
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  • This place was once upon a beautiful site, ASI has tried their best to keep it and it's art as much as possible intact. It has some beautiful artwork which is preserved in the museum. A little of this art is also in the caves as samples. The caves get very little to no light. So it is better to go with preparation.
  • Good place to visit if you're passing through it but not appropriate for special trip. Can do picnic and one must visit museum. BAGH PRINT by 100% natural colours is fantastic. One must see and purchase something traditional from their as its famous in foreign countries also.
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