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Dhanbad is a city in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the second most populated city in Jharkhand. Dhanbad along with its urban areas population ranks 42nd in population amongst other cities in India.Dhanbad has some of the largest coal mines in India and is called Coal Capital of India. Tata Steel, Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL) and Indian Iron And Steel Company (IISCO) are some of the companies who operate coal mines in the district. The engineering institute IIT (ISM), Dhanbad is located in Dhanbad.Among the rail divisions of Indian Railway, Dhanbad Rail Division is the second-largest in revenue generation after the Mumbai division.The city has one parliamentary seat and six seats in the Legislative Assembly.EtymologyThe most popular theory of origin of the name Dhanbad is that it is derived from Dhan and Abad, meaning "prospered with wealth" due to being a mineral rich region. Historically the name of Dhanbad was Dhanbaid which seems to have been derived from the word Dhan and baid, i.e., the paddy land.HistoryThe present district used to be a part of Manbhum region and was occupied by Mundari or Kolarian races in the wilderness of South undivided Bihar. In the seventh century A.D. some information is available from the account of the travels of Hieun Tsang. These accounts narrate existence of a powerful kingdom which comprised the district and adjoining areas, ruled by Sasanka.Dhanbad is in Dhanbad District. Plan your visit to Dhanbad and other destinations in India using our India trip itinerary maker website .
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