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Bardhaman is a city in West Bengal state in eastern India. It is the headquarters of Purba Bardhaman district, having become a district capital during the period of British rule. Burdwan, an alternative name for the city, has remained in use since that period.The history of Burdwan is known from about 5000 BC . The origin of this name dates back to the 6th century BCE and is ascribed to Vardhaman Swami or Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, who spent some time in Astikagrama, according to the Jain scripture of Kalpasutra. This place was renamed as Vardhamana in his honour.GeographyThe region has an average elevation of 40 metres . The city is situated 1100 km from New Delhi and a little less than 100 km north-west of Kolkata on the Grand Trunk Road and Eastern Railway. The chief rivers are the Damodar and the Banka.The first epigraphic reference to the name of this place occurs in a 6th-century AD copper plate found in Mallasarul village under Galsi Police Station. Archeological evidences suggest that this region, forming a major part of Radh Bengal, could be traced even back to 4000 BCE.Police stationsBurdwan police station has jurisdiction over Bardhaman municipal area and Burdwan I and Burdwan II CD Blocks. The area covered is 192.15 km. There are out posts at Barabazar, Muradpur, Keshabganj, Nutanganj and Birhata.2Burdwan is in Bardhaman District. Explore the family-friendly attractions of Burdwan and add them to your vacation plans using our India day trip website .
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