Heptapyrgion, Thessaloniki

The Heptapyrgion (Ancient Greek: Ἑπταπύργιον), modern Eptapyrgio (Επταπύργιο), also popularly known by its Ottoman Turkish name Yedi Kule (Γεντί Κουλέ), is a Byzantine and Ottoman-era fortress situated on the north-eastern corner of the Acropolis of Thessaloniki in Greece. Despite its name, which in both languages means "Fortress of Seven Towers", it features ten, and was probably named after the Yedikule Fortress in Constantinople (modern Istanbul, Turkey). It served as the major redoubt of the city's acropolis, as well as the seat of its garrison commander in Ottoman times, until the late 19th century. It was then converted to a prison (Φυλακές Επταπυργίου), which remained open until 1989. References to the infamous Yedi Kule prison abound in the Greek rebetika songs. Restoration and archaeological work began in the 1970s and continues to this day.
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Heptapyrgion Reviews

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4.6
TripAdvisor
  • The Heptapyrgion (a.k.a., Yedi Kule Turkish), is a Byzantine and Ottoman-era fortress situated on the north-eastern corner of the Acropolis. It has ten towers, even though its name means "Fortress...  more »
  • For almost 100 years this place was a prison, it was built by the Byzantine Empire in the 14th century. Wonderful view and some good cafes and restaurants nearby.  more »
Google
  • A real must visit at Thessaloniki.easily accessible with city's best panorama view. Open until 12:45 daily.
  • Situated near Agora, the old medieval fortress, Eptapyrgion means the Fortress of the Seven Towers, as seen in the mock-up photo. Haven, defense fortress, garrison headquarters, prison until 1989, these were her destinations in the past. Its construction is not precisely dated, differing between the years 300s and the 9th century. What is certain is that it was an important point of the fortifications of the city during the Byzantine period, and above the entrance is recorded the year 1431 as the year when it was captured by the Turks. All the vicissitudes of history have added the destruction caused by the earthquake of 1978. It is allowed to visit inside, but only certain pavilions. Situată lângă Agora orașului, vechea cetate medievală, Eptapyrgion înseamnă Cetatea celor șapte turnuri, așa cum se vede și în fotografia machetei. Loc de refugiu, cetate de apărare, sediu de garnizoană, pușcărie până în 1989, acestea au fost destinațiile ei în trecut. Construcția ei nu este precis datată, diferind între anii 300 și secolul al IX-lea. Ce este sigur este faptul că era un punct important al fortificațiilor orașului în perioada bizantină, iar deasupra intrării este consemnat anul 1431 ca fiind anul când a fost capturată de turci. La toate vicisitudinile istoriei s-au adăugat și distrugerile provocate de cutremurul din 1978. Este permisă și vizitarea la interior, dar numai anumite pavilioane.
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