Geological History Museum Olympus, Leptokarya

Specialty Museum · Hidden Gem · Museum
The Olympus Geological History Museum is a geological museum in the town of Leptokarya at the foot of Mount Olympus in northern Greece. It presents in several exhibition rooms, rocks and minerals from the region and fossils from the Olympus and from the surrounding area. It was established with the help of the Geology faculty of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
While finds from the whole of Greece are exhibited in the classrooms, a separate exhibition room is devoted exclusively to Mount Olympus. The history of the formation of the mountains is shown. Various types of fossilized plants and fossils are exhibited. Their occurrence or locations are represented by a model of Olympus.
The geological development of Greece will be explained with the help of folders. Using a model of the Olympus, the distribution of the various types of rock in the mountain range and its development epoch is shown. All known types of rocks occurring in the Olympus region are exhibited in showcases.
As a result of the displacement of the continental plates, Olympus is still pushed up by one to four millimeters per year. This process has lasted for millions of years. This is the reason why there are petrified marine animals at a height of around 1000 to 1500 meters. A hitherto unique find was an ammonite found at an altitude of about 1100 meters. Other witnesses who were part of the mountain formerly under the sea level are limestones that were drilled by mussels (Litophagae) or limestones include petrified sea-worms.
The Olymp is a so-called tectonic window. This means that erosion and warping have released old rock layers that would normally be hidden. This fact ensures that geologists from all over the world travel to Olympus for research purposes.
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  • Excelent place to visit! A museum whom stories you have to hear with your own ears, told by a charismatic, spiritual and well documented guide. It was a pleasant experience that you have to live if...  more »
  • We visited the Geological History Museum during our trip to Northern Greece last month and we were pleasantly surprised. We did not expect to have such a personable, in-depth overview of Greece and...  more »
  • Knowledgeable staff and beautiful exhibits! The museum is set up in a private house, but it doesn't make the museum less interesting at all! The son of the owner gave me a very insightful and knowledgeable tour of all the minerals that can be found near Olympus. It gives you a lot of geological background of the area and it's a great way to start touring places near Olympus Range. I'd highly recommend going there! Sadly I had to cut my visit short, because I visited the museum during a bus tour of the Olympus area. But if you do have time to spare, do yourself a favour and visit this interesting museum!
  • What an amazing museum and what amazing people work there! I wholeheartedly recommend it! You will hear great stories about not only Olympus but the entire Greece and see such dedication and passion of the museum guides. Truly inspiring.
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