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Kalkberg, Luneburg

#14 of 26 in Nature in Lower Saxony
Geologic Formation · Hidden Gem · Nature / Park
The Lüneburg Kalkberg is the cap rock of a salt dome in the western part of the German town of Lüneburg. The Kalkberg was a gypsum mine during the middle ages, but is today a Naturschutzgebiet and a common meeting place for city residents.Composition and GeologyThe Kalkberg is made up largely of gypsum (calcium sulphate) and comes from sediments that were deposited there around 250 million years ago by the Zechstein Sea. More recently (in geological terms), smaller disturbances have allowed the less dense Zechstein salts to flow together and force their way upwards into the younger, overlying rocks. Today these salts are near the earth's surface. Through this process, the more geologically-recent layers of rock around the rising mass of salt were deformed, shattered, and lifted; the initially horizontally-lying layers of salt were tilted and folded as they were rose upwards. Near the surface, the resulting salt dome was leached by groundwater, so that only the less readily-soluble elements remained behind, such as carbonates and sulphates. These are the compounds that make up the Kalkberg today, and can also be seen to protrude through the surface around Lüneburg.
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19 reviews
  • A charming mini woodland park in the middle of Luneburg - not far from the Alt Stadt. A great place to picnic in the warmer weather and there's a very handy REWE supermarket very close by.  more »
  • Climbing a little uphill, we reached the top of the Kalkberg, a hill which used to be a gypsum mine, and now offers great views over the old town.  more »
  • Top view over Lüneburg. Need some stairs but it's worth it. At the foot there are parking facilities, however, only a few, but free of charge.
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  • Very nice place!
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