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Trip Planner Europe  /  France  /  Grand Est  /  Bas-Rhin  /  Schirmeck

Schirmeck

4.6
History Museums
Schirmeck is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.It is the location of the Alsace-Moselle Memorial museum.The name of the town means "protected place". In Lorraine dialect it is called "Chermec".The inhabitants are known as "Schirmeckois".GeographyThe town is situated on the banks of the Bruche, in the Vosges mountains. The commune extends over 1142 hectares from the Petit Donon to the Bruche, from the Grandfontaine stream to the Tommelsbach stream, taking in the Evêché hills, 832m high. The area is mountainous and belongs to the Devonian Dinant primary rocks, made up of a series of schists and grauwackes in an irregular flow created at the bottom of a sea that was shaken by volcanic eruptions. Most of the territory is covered by forest, on steep slopes, but rich in mineral deposits, particularly iron and manganese.The town is narrowly confined between the mountain side and the Bruche river, so a 610-metre road tunnel has been built in order to relieve traffic congestion. The bypass was opened on 28 January 2007.HistoryFirst mentionIn 1315, the town was mentioned as Schirmecke in a founding charter of the collegial church of Haslach . It reappeared in the description of the boundaries of the lands of the abbey of Senones, under the name Neufville en Barembax; the name "new town" suggesting that it had recently been created. The town was hardly more than village, without any known privileges such as markets or freedoms. It was dependent on the See of Strasbourg but nevertheless occupied a strategic position on the Bruche, at the crossing of busy roads linking Alsace to Lorraine.
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