Pyramid of Unas, Saqqara

#3 of 11 in Things to do in Saqqara
The Pyramid Complex of Unas is located in the pyramid field at Saqqara, near Cairo in Egypt. It was built for pharaoh Unas, the ninth and final king of the Fifth Dynasty in the mid 24th century BC. Its ancient name, Nefer Isut Unas, means "Beautiful are the places of Unas". Originally reaching 43m high with a square base of 58x, the pyramid is now completely ruined.ExcavationsIt was investigated by Perring and then Lepsius, but it was Gaston Maspero who first gained entry to the chambers in 1881, where he found texts covering the walls of the burial chambers. These together with others found in nearby pyramids of successive pharaohs are now known as the Pyramid Texts. He was the first pharaoh to include this, and he created the concept of having a number of magic spells inscribed on the walls of his tomb, intended to assist with the pharaoh's journey through the Duat and into the afterlife. This concept was thought to be so successful by other pharaohs that it soon evolved into the Coffin Texts in the Middle Kingdom, and then into the Book of the Dead from the beginning of the New Kingdom until the end of the Ptolemaic Period, when new texts began appearing.
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Pyramid of Unas Reviews
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  • From the outside, you would not guess it was a pyramid. The inside though is fantastic with a lot of original paint still on the walls. Claustrophobic people my not like going down underground. It is ...  more »
  • The exterior is very deteriorated, almost in ruins, there is more a pile of debris than a pyramid, but its interior is impeccable, the quantity of jeroglyphs and the quality amaze, in the main chamber by a light effect you can see a bas-relief in the middle of the gercolicinths, truly unmissable to walk the tomb of this the last Faraon of the V dynastia that ruled Egypt around 2325 B.C.
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  • First Pyramid with text in it. Amazing!
  • It looks more like a sand hill than a well-known pyramid. But, this pyramid is rare in that hieroglyphs are engraved inside. Not only the wall, but also the ceiling is filled with hieroglyphs. When that wall is lighted, shadow of king is emerged there. Just try to bring a flashlight and find it.
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