Shamakhy Astrophysical Observatory, Shamakhi

#4 of 7 in Things to do in Daghlig Shirvan Region
The Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī Shamakhi Astrophysical Observatory (Nəsirəddin Tusi adına Şamaxı Astrofizika Rəsədxanası) - is an observatory located in Shamakhi, Azerbaijan, on the south-eastern foothills of the Great Caucasus Mountain ridge, on the basis of “Astrophysics” sector of Physics Institution of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, about 22 km far from the centre of Shamakhi and 144 km far from Baku, at an altitude of 1,435 m.
Construction of the observatory began in 1958 in then Azerbaijan SSR and officially opened on January 13, 1960. Yusif Mammadaliyev – eminent Azerbaijani scientist – played a great role in foundation of the observatory.
During the Soviet period, the observatory measured the light polarization of Comet d'Arrest.
In 1991, the observatory was given a name of Nasiraddin Tusi – mathematician, physicist and astronomer of medieval ages. A township for habitation of workers was established under the observatory and it was named after Yusif Mammadaliyev (Pirgulu).
In September 2008, the observatory went through capital repair, as a result, the exhibition hall, museum, conference and lecture halls, six buildings for telescopes, including the building housing the main two-metre telescope, and main administrative building have been overhauled and a canteen and cottages built.
The main instrument – reflecting telescope produced in Germany, with diameter of mirror of 2 meters and which was turned over for operation in 1966 and which is the first big telescope of the South Caucasus. Besides that, the following instruments are also used in the observatory:
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Shamakhy Astrophysical Observatory Reviews
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13 reviews
  • Pleasure is not for everyone!!! I met the chief engineer of the Nariman Observatory. A wonderful and friendly man. Offered us a night's stay guest house. He showed us the telescopes, the museum. At night we looked at the 60-centimetre telescope Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The increase is not so big, but the rings of Jupiter impressed. Nature is amazing. this is the second time, the first time was in January 79th. There is snow all around, and the sky at night... star carpet with nebulae and whether satellites fly by, or comets. And all this in winter without any telescopes, just look up to the heavens... This was the second time in August 2018...
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  • Astrophysical Observatory works from 9pm to 1am for watching stars. There also have 1 and 2 flour apartments.  more »
  • Wonderful place to visit. Must see
  • Beautiful place.
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