Museum Schottenstift, Vienna

5.0
#66 of 116 in Museums in Vienna
The Schottenstift, formally called Benediktinerabtei unserer Lieben Frau zu den Schotten, is a Roman Catholic monastery founded in Vienna in 1155 when Henry II of Austria brought Irish monks to Vienna. The monks did not come directly from Ireland, but came instead from Scots Monastery in Regensburg, Germany. Since 1625, the abbey has been a member of the Austrian Congregation, now within the Benedictine Confederation.HistoryIn the early Middle Ages, Irish monks were actively involved in missionary work. Ireland was known in Latin as "Scotia Major"; therefore, in German, Irish monks were called "Schotten" (Scots) or "Iroschotten". The monasteries that they founded were called "Schottenklöster". In the foundation documents of the Schottenstift, Henry II specified that it was to be occupied exclusively by these "Iroschotten" ("Solos elegimus Scottos").Henry II was elevated from the rank of Margrave (Markgraf) to that of Duke (Herzog) in 1156. He moved his residence from Klosterneuburg to Vienna and required a monastery for his new city. In the Middle Ages, monasteries were not only places for prayer, but also and above all, repositories of knowledge. The foundation of a monastery gave the ruler support for his administration (for example, schools to educate competent scribes). It also provided a library, a hospice and old age home, architects, educated men, and priests to conduct services in the new ducal city. The "Schotten" were also involved with the University of Vienna, which was founded in 1365.
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  • I can't recommend this guided tour highly enough, I was really impressed with the guide and the treasures and history within the walls. Stunning, I'm so glad I did it.  more »
  • Museum of medieval art in the old Catholic monastery beginning 12 century, who repeatedly rebuilt afterwards. The title translates as the Scottish Abbey, because here the Duke of Austria brought the first Irish monks in 1155 year. Like a huge medieval Scottish altar perfectly preserved. Landscapes, manuscripts and a pair of works Rubenska special impressions are not fired in the yard nice 19 century Black Madonna and a fountain dedicated to Henry II. Recommend to everyone lovers of Gothic.
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