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Trip Planner Europe  /  Austria  /  Lower Austria  /  Retz

Retz

4.2
Specialty Museums · Landmarks · Monuments
Retz is a town with a population of 4,168 in the Hollabrunn District in Lower Austria, Austria.GeographyRetz is located in the north western Weinviertel in Lower Austria. The municipality's area covers 45,01 km². 11.83 percent of this area is forested. Cadastral municipalities are Hofern, Kleinhöflein, Kleinriedenthal, Obernalb, Retz and Unternalb.HistoryMiddle agesIn the area around the present-day Anger of Retz a village was formed, which was first mentioned in 1180 as „Rezze“ .Rudolf von Habsburg awarded Count Berthold of Rabenswalde shire and sovereignty of Hardegg as a fiefdom. The count did not stay for long in Hardegg, and moved to Retz, where he founded the monastery of the Dominican Order . The monastery was finished in 1295. Finally he founded the city of Retz around 1300.Around 1343 the preacher Franz von Retz was born. He reformed the Dominican Order, taught at the University of Vienna, was their Dean for five times, and also represented the university at the Council of Pisa. He died on September 8, 1427, in Vienna.In 1425, the Hussites conquered Retz, and only a few days later, Schrattenthal and Pulkau. The city was destroyed and many people were killed. A chronicle from Klosterneuburg reported of 6000 captives, among them Count Heinrich of Maidburg, who were led to Prague. Nearly 8000 men were said to be slain and over 30 Catholic churches destroyed. In 1431 the Hussites came to raid Retz for a second time.
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