The Shengavit Settlement is an archaeological site in present-day Yerevan, Armenia located on a hill south-east of Lake Yerevan. It was inhabited during a series of settlement phases from approximately 3200 BC cal to 2500 BC cal in the Kura Araxes Period of the Early Bronze Age and irregularly re-used in the Middle Bronze Age until 2200 BC cal. The town occupied an area of six hectares. It appears that Shengavit was a societal center for the areas surrounding the town due to its unusual size, evidence of surplus production of grains, and metallurgy, as well as its monumental 4 meter wide stone wall. Four smaller village sites of Moukhannat, Tepe, Khorumbulagh, and Tairov have been identified and were located outside the walls of Shengavit. Its pottery makes it a type site of the Kura-Araxes or Early Transcaucasian Period and the Shengavitian culture area.Make Shengavit Settlement part of your personalized Yerevan itinerary using our Yerevan road trip planning tool .
The area of modern day Shengavit has been populated since at least 3200 BC, during the period of Kura–Araxes culture of the Early Bronze Age. Excavations at the Shengavit historical site started in 1938 under the guidance of archaeologist E. Bayburdian who dug a trial trench at the hill which in turn led to further archaeological work to be done at the site. Archaeologist S. A. Sardarian resumed the excavations in 1958 but his work was poorly documented. He left insufficient records to pinpoint exact locations where artifacts were found.
In 2000, extensive excavation process was launched under the guidance of archaeologist Hakop Simonyan, who dug stratigraphic trenches at the edges of the old trenches excavated by Bayburdian and Sardarian.
In 2009, Simonyan was joined by professor Mitchell S. Rothman from Widener University of Pennsylvania. Together they conducted three series of excavations in 2009, 2010, and 2012 respectively. During the process, a full stratigraphic column to bedrock was reached, showing there to be 8 or 9 distinct stratigraphic levels. These levels cover a time between 3200 BC and 2500 BC. Evidences of later use of the site (until 2200 BC) were also found. The excavation process revealed a series of large buildings, round buildings with square adjoining rooms and simple round buildings. Particularly notable are a series of ritual installations discovered in 2010 and 2012. These seasons revealed a series of large buildings, round buildings with square adjoining rooms and simple round buildings. Particularly notable are a series of ritual installations discovered in 2010 and 2012.
Shengavit Settlement Reviews
Шенгавитское поселение — древнее городище, археологический памятник Кура-аракской культуры. Находится в юго-западной части города Еревана на территории района Шенгавит, на левом берегу more »Shengavit settlement is an ancient settlement, archaeological site of Kura-delimited by the culture. Located in the southwestern part of the city of Yerevan, Shengavit district's territory on the left bank
Shengavit is located in Yerevan, close to the lake. Small museum contains well-arranged collection of objects excavated at this mostly Broze Age archeological site. If you are interested in history an... more »
Great historical place, took us one hour and half, ticket is 1 thousand for each person and 2.5 thousands for English leader which is VERY recommended
Very interesting archaeological site hidden in the middle of the hustle and bustle of the busy streets of Yerevan. A visit to the Shengavit Museum will provide some context to the site and houses some amazing artifacts found in the settlement. The friendly staff provide guided walkthroughs of the museum and site to visitors. It’s a little confusing to find a way into Shengavit Settlement as it is poorly marked from the street. It can be found with a little patience though.
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