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Trip Planner Asia  /  Armenia  /  Syunik Province  /  Sisian


Ruins · Waterfalls · Churches
Sisian, is a town in the southern Syunik Province of Armenia. It is located on Vorotan River, 6 km south of the Yerevan-Meghri highway, at a distance of 217 km from Yerevan and 115 km from Kapan.As of the 2011 census, the population of the town was 14,894. As per the 2016 official estimate, the population of Sisian is around 12,900.EtymologyThe area of present-day Sisian was also known as Sisakan and Sisavan during ancient times and later in the Middle Ages. According to Movses Khorenatsi, the name of Sisakan -and subsequently Sisian- was derived from Sisak, a legendary ancestor of the Armenian princely house of Syuni.The Turkic name of Gharakilisa -meaning black church- used between the 16th and the 20th centuries for the town, was kept until 1935, when the name Sisavan was restored. Finally in 1940, the town was renamed Sisian.HistoryHistorically, the territory of modern Sisian was part of Tsghuk canton, at the heart of the ancient province of Syunik, within Armenia Major. It was first mentioned in history during the 8th century BC. During the 4th century, the nearby historic settlement of Shaghat became the residence of the princes and the religious leaders of Syunik. It remained the spiritual and the political center of the region until the end of the 10th century, when the fortified town of Kapan in the Baghk canton became the capital of the newly-established Kingdom of Syunik.
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