Great Mosque or Tlemcen, Tlemcen

#5 of 8 in Things to do in Tlemcen
Visit Great Mosque or Tlemcen, a prime example of old Almoravid architecture, first built under the lead of sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin and his son Ali ibn Yusuf in 1082 CE. As you enter, notice the horseshoe mixed with polylobed arches lining your path, a characteristic feature in the Almoravid style. The current structure represents reconstructions done some 50 years later: look for the inscription with the year 530 Hijri (1136 CE). The dome and minaret date from the 13th century. Use our Tlemcen trip itinerary planning site to arrange your visit to Great Mosque or Tlemcen and other attractions in Tlemcen.
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  • The great mosque of Tlemcen (Djamaâ El Kebir), which stands majestically in downtown, near the Mechouar, of the House of culture Abdelkader Alloula and also the medina, doing in the face of the Museum of arts and history, inaugurated by the president of the Republic, is certainly the most visited religious building by domestic tourists and etrangers.cet religious building built in the year 1136 by the Caliph of the Berber dynasty almoravide Youssef Ibn Tachfine (its minaret was built under the reign of sound son Ali in 1236), quadrangular, slightly off form with respect to the axis of the mihrab. The mosque surrounded by porticos on three sides, of which some are an extension of the naves, contains a large prayer room which the thirteen ships are divided into six bays. She also includes a square yard of 20 m aside to ablution fed by a small stream of water at the Center. On the pediment of the mosque is an inscription in kufic Arabic script which reads: "in the name of Allah, the merciful benefactor. May Allah bless our Lord Muh'ammad, his family and save! This was executed on the orders of the emir. The most illustrious... That Allah strengthens his power, increase the assistance it gives him and continues his reign! It was completed by the care of the most illustrious Jurisconsult, the very generous Qadi Abu-Hasan Ali ben Abdal-Rah'man ben Ali, may Allah perpetuates their power! It was completed in the month of Jumada II of five hundred and thirty year. "The architecture of the great mosque of Tlemcen, like that of the Qyarrawiyin of Fez (Morocco), is highlighted by the many arcs full hangers overruled, broken and multifoil, particularly ornate at the level of the area of the mihrab, which is magnified by a widest nave punctuated by two magnificent domes, heiresses of the cuts of the great mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia, Cordoba in Spain and Al Azhar in Cairo. There are eight circles in wood of cedar, dressed in copper, overlapping in decreasing length and with a multitude of lamps. The attention of visitors is also drawn by the imposing chandelier suspended from the level of the dome which occupies the center of the Middle nave. More is offered by Yaghmorassen chandelier and debris which are in the Museum of Tlemcen, but an imitation of the previous, performed by the renowned artisan Tlemcen Benkalfat, for the delicacy of his work. In the journal of the Muslim West and the Mediterranean published in 1966, Lucien Golvin writes that "the great mosque of Tlemcen is since long well known thanks to the eminent work of Georges Marçais who has done here first "any archaeologist and who had to stay faithfully throughout his career, attached to the monument to the city. Some researchers and columnists feel that "the Tlemcen dome located in the area of the mihrab is the most remarkable. Ribbed sixteen-sided, it is based on a square ledge, through four tubes to muqarnas. The ribs, formed by rows of bricks, appear as edges protruding on the top surface. The panels that connect the ribs are plaster carved; Openwork entirely, they are a bright lace. At the Center, a lantern to muqarnas Crown all. "The muqarnas, of Persian origin, imported from the East, were introduced in the Maghreb by the Almoravids, or passed through the Banu Hammad or Andalusians who maintained ties with the Fatimid caliphate. Specifically regarding the mihrab, it is highlighted "appearance to the setting of plaster finely carved plant and Epigraphic patterns reminiscent of Cordoba. It opens with an overreached arc placed in a rectangular frame, its archstones bichromies end with polylobees Archway. Its niche of polygonal section is topped by a pastures 16 fluted. This type of dome is already in the great mosque of Kairouan, where the dome in front of the mihrab has twenty grooves. Similarly to the great mosque in Cordoba, the dome that above the mihrab is furnished in the center of a pastures fluted, alternately semicircular and triangular". We are told that "in Zaragoza, we find some coupolettes six and nine grooves. The dome of Tlemcen is not an Almoravid innovation, but her Crown for the first time the mihrab niche. Took it in three other monuments: the bathroom of dyers in Tlemcen where the dome has 16 splines as at the Grand Mosque, the Qarawiyyin of FES, where we meet coupolettes eight and ten grooves and the Barudiyyin Qubba to Marrakech where the Central pastures shows eight grooves. " Restored several times, the great mosque of Tlemcen, which is regarded as being one of the oldest in Algeria with obviously Nedroma and Algiers, remains the living testimony of the greatness of Islamic civilization in the central Maghreb , whose Tlemcen was the intellectual capital for many centuries.
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  • Located in the center of the city of Tlemcen in the central square; This mosque is a jewel of Muslim to visit Arab architecture
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  • Lovely place as well
  • Peaceful historic mosque with a unique architecture 🙏
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